There are approximately 2,967,297 people that currently reside in Mississippi as of 2010. Drug and alcohol abuse in Mississippi is a growing problem.
Alcohol Abuse in Mississippi
Out of the 2,967,297 people residing in Mississippi, 1,364,957 do not consume alcohol and 801,170 report that they drink alcohol once a week or less. So, 2,136,454 people in Mississippi do not drink at a level that would be considered unhealthy or abusive. However, 741,824 people in Mississippi drink enough alcohol on a regular basis to be considered abusers of alcohol.
Getting yourself or someone you love into an alcohol treatment center is vital to recovering from alcohol abuse. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year with an annual economic cost of 184 billion dollars.
Studies on the effects of alcohol advertising on adults in the state of Mississippi do not show a strong connection between alcohol advertisements and alcohol consumption. However, studies on the effects of alcohol advertising consistently indicate that children in Mississippi that are exposed to these types of advertisements are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward drinking alcohol and are more likely to become underage drinkers and communicate the intention to most likely drink as an adult.
Drug Abuse Statistics in Mississippi
Approximately 278,926 people in Mississippi abuse some type of illegal drug.
A breakdown of this percentage shows the following:
- 49,649 people abuse alcohol and another drug in Mississippi
- 44,907 people abuse marijuana in Mississippi
- 38,213 people are addicted to or abuse Heroin in Mississippi
- 27,614 people smoke cocaine (crack) in Mississippi
- 24,267 people use stimulants in Mississippi
- 11,715 people use or abuse Opiates (not heroin), in Mississippi
- 11,157 people use cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder, not crack cocaine) in Mississippi
- 1,116 people in Mississippi abuse tranquilizers
- 586 people use or abuse PCP in Mississippi
- 558 people in Mississippi are addicted to or abusing sedatives
- 307 people use hallucinogens such as lsd or ecstasy in Mississippi
- 279 people in Mississippi abuse Inhalants
- 1,395 people use some other type of illegal drug in the state of Mississippi
With such a large number of people in Mississippi abusing drugs or alcohol, it is critical to help these individuals get into some type of drug or alcohol treatment program. Addictionca.com provides a wide range of information on all types of drug and alcohol facilities in Mississippi. If you need further information, you can call and speak to one of our registered drug counselors for assistance in finding a drug and/or alcohol treatment facility. These services are provided free of charge and the call is toll-free.
Each drug rehab in Mississippi has a different approach to the recovery process. Take note of what is important to you, and make decisions based on your personal needs. Keep in mind that in Mississippi there are a multitude of treatment options to choose from: outpatient treatment, in patient treatment, support groups, drug rehabilitation, alcohol rehab, drug treatment programs, sober living, halfway houses, long term treatment, short term treatment, counseling, and many more. An individual can become thoroughly confused by asking a half-dozen recovering alcoholics or drug addicts in Mississippi how they conquered their abuse of alcohol or drugs; the answers vary although each of them are convincing and emotional. They will cite such diverse approaches as hospitalization, diet, exercise, counseling, sauna's, religion, hypnosis, amino acids and self-help groups. When it comes to successful treatment, only one thing is certain: practically any approach will work for some of the people, some of the time. To put it another way, successful drug rehabilitation is like a designer suit- it's got to be tailor-made for each individual. A great deal of variation exists in the degree of dependence among drug users. The teenager who smokes marijuana three times a week is not as dependent as the thirty year old who has smoked marijuana six times a day for 15 years and has already relapsed after being in two drug rehabilitation centers. It's obvious that these individuals need different approaches to treatment. Similarly, among cocaine users are some who use it in binge fashion, one or two days a month, and others who use it several times each day. Again, different treatment approaches are required for each case.
For those who do not have a long history of drug addiction, an outpatient treatment program might be the correct decision. This form of treatment may be a viable solution for those who have a brief drug addiction history. These individuals might only need the guidance and counseling available though this method of treatment. On the other hand, those who have experienced an extended period of drug addiction, choosing the correct drug rehab program typically means that they should enter into an in patient drug rehab program not located in Mississippi. The structure, 24-hour support and change of enviornment made available through this type of drug rehab recovery program can be highly effective for those recovering from a long term drug addiction problem. Most drug rehab professionals in do not recommend any one "best" treatment approach, recognizing the many variations among drug and alcohol abusers. In general, the levels of treatment range from simple and behavioral to complex and medical. The person dependent upon drugs or alcohol may have used the chosen substance for so long that he or she has literally forgotten how to cope with the daily challenges of life; how to have a meaningful, drug-free lifestyle; or how to solve the social or psychological problems that prompted the substance abuse in the first place. In these instances, a very comprehensive approach must be prescribed if the individual is to expect any degree of successful recovery. Once stability is achieved, the "clean" or sober individual can take several steps to enhance recovery and avoid relapse. Among the general recommendations are belonging to a group as a support system, having a religious involvement, practicing good health habits; including proper diet, sleep, and exercise, as well as goal planning and self enhancement projects.
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Law Enforcement Officers: 7,034
State Prison Population: 25,100
Probation Population: 15,435
Violent Crime Rate
National Ranking: 31 2004 Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 268.6 kgs.
Heroin: 3.4 kgs.
Methamphetamine: 15.6 kgs.
Marijuana: 2,394.1 kgs.
Ecstasy: 2,252 tablets
Methampehtamine Laboratories: 157(DEA, state, and local)
Drug Situation: While cocaine, particularly “crack” cocaine, is still considered to be the biggest drug threat facing the state of Mississippi, the increase in methamphetamine abuse and manufacturing follows closely behind. There has been a steady increase in production of methamphetamine, which poses a serious threat to abusers, law enforcement personnel, and the public alike. The drug of choice and most widely abused drug among consumers in Mississippi is marijuana. Other dangerous drugs (MDMA, LSD, GHB, Ketamine and Rohypnol) have remained popular among young drug users. Diversion of pharmaceutical drugs is still of significant concern in Mississippi with OxyContin abuse continuing to rise.
The movement of illegal drugs into and through Mississippi has been a significant problem for law enforcement for a number of years. Mississippi is ideally suited with its interstate system, deepwater and river ports, and air and rail systems as the “Crossroads of the South” to facilitate drug movement from the South Texas/Mexico area and Gulf ports to the entire midwest and the eastern seaboard of the United States. Drug trafficking patterns indicate the interstate highway system to be the preferred method of transporting illegal drugs into and through Mississippi. Highway interdiction is accomplished primarily through fragmented patrols by state and local law enforcement.
Cocaine: Cocaine is widely used and trafficked throughout Mississippi. Cocaine, in both powder-form “HCl” and base-form “crack,” is the most problematic drug for communities and law enforcement in Mississippi. There is often a direct connection between the use and/or sale of cocaine and crime, especially violent crime. In Mississippi, cocaine is being illicitly trafficked and used by people from all racial and socioeconomic groups throughout the state’s 82 counties. Cocaine base, “crack” cocaine, is still the drug of choice among users and traffickers in the African-American population in both urban and rural areas of Mississippi.
Unique to the Mississippi Gulf Coast counties of Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson are Vietnamese gangs involved in drug trafficking. These Vietnamese gangs, primarily operating in the Biloxi area, are heavily involved in the distribution of powder cocaine and the club drug ecstasy. The primary cocaine sources for these Vietnamese dealers are located in Texas and California. Vietnamese dealers are known to supply some of the African-American dealers with powder cocaine which is then converted “cooked” into crack-cocaine for local sale.
Mexican traffickers are loosely organized in Mississippi but are believed to be associated with large Mexican gangs operating in Memphis, Tennessee. Overall, the Mexican population in Mississippi is steadily growing and Mexican drug trafficking groups are increasing in the rural, agricultural areas of the state.
Heroin: Heroin continues to be a rare commodity in the state of Mississippi, according to reports from several local and state agencies. Most of the state’s heroin seizures come from users, although there have been cases where heroin has been seized from local independent dealers. These dealers have only had small amounts in their possession. Heroin seen in central and southern Mississippi is believed to have come from Texas and New Orleans, while the northern part of the state is getting its heroin from the Memphis, Tennessee area. Seizure figures indicate Mexican Brown (Black Tar) is the most popular type of heroin found throughout the state, however, South American white heroin has been seen in some areas.
Methamphetamine: The manufacture and distribution of methamphetamine is one of the fastest growing drug problems in Mississippi. Methamphetamine is brought in from other areas of the United States and across borders. Methamphetamine use in Mississippi is rampant. Virtually unheard of four years ago or found only in the trucking community, methamphetamine is now approaching epidemic proportions in the state.
Not only has methamphetamine use and abuse impacted the law enforcement community, Mississippi farmers, and local merchants, but also the drug treatment centers have been affected by rising admissions. According to professionals working in the drug treatment centers, methamphetamine abuse was first seen approximately five years ago with a significant increase occurring within the past three years. The need for treatment is enormous.
Initially, methamphetamine availability was concentrated in the far northern counties of Mississippi; however, several factors quickly contributed to the spread of the problem throughout northern Mississippi. Bridges at Greenville; Washington County, Mississippi; Helena, Arkansas; Coahoma County, Mississippi; and Memphis, Tennessee provide direct access to the states of Arkansas, Missouri and Tennessee. These states have had a tremendous problem with the manufacture of methamphetamine, which led to tougher laws and more enforcement in those states. That pressure pushed manufacturers into northern Mississippi because of the ample supply of anhydrous ammonia and the need for less pressure from law enforcement.
The crystalline form of methamphetamine, known as “ice”, “glass”, or “crystal,” is gaining popularity. This crystal methamphetamine reportedly came from either California or Texas, and was transported to the area by transport trucks. The violators referred to the methamphetamine as “Chrome.”
The theft of precursor chemicals has increased greatly. The majority of merchants are cooperating with law enforcement by limiting access to the number of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine tablets that can be purchased as well as other items needed to manufacture methamphetamine. Because of their cooperation, however, shoplifting has increased.
Club Drugs: Both LSD and MDMA are being distributed and used in and around local nightclubs, at rave parties, and on college campuses. MDMA seizures have increased significantly since 1998. MDMA has become the most prevalent and popular of the “club” or “designer” drugs in Mississippi. GHB, Rohypnol and Ketamine are not currently known to be widely used or popular. LSD found in Mississippi normally comes from California. MDMA found in Mississippi is primarily from sources in California, New York, Louisiana, Tennessee and Arkansas.
Pharmaceuticals: In Mississippi, diversion of pharmaceuticals is primarily occurring at the retail level through schemes such as forging or altering prescriptions and through doctor shopping. Illicitly diverted prescription drugs are being abused by some from all racial and socioeconomic groups. Currently, Hydrocodone (Vicodin), Alprozalam (Xanax), Diazapam (Valium), Oxycodone (Percodan, OxyContin), Lorazepam (Alivan) and Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) are the most widely diverted and abused pharmaceutical drugs in central Mississippi. OxyContin is currently the pharmaceutical drug of concern due to 14 overdoses in recent years. These drugs, and others like Rohypnol, are also being obtained in large quantities from sources in Texas border towns, especially Laredo, Texas. Another widespread problem is the illegal purchasing of large quantities of cold medicine containing ephedrine/pseudoephedrine, from grocery and drug stores, which is being converted, through use of chemicals, into methamphetamine.
Marijuana: Large quantities of Mexican marijuana are transported from Texas through Mississippi on Interstates 10, 12, and 55 destined for larger cities in the Northeastern and Southeastern United States. Couriers in pick-up trucks, vans, tractor-trailers and buses transport the marijuana in 50, 100 and 200 pound quantities in concealed compartments. Proceeds from the drug sales are returned in the same manner. Domestically cultivated marijuana is available throughout Northern Mississippi in patches of four to five plants in and around dense vegetation on United States forestry land and around area lakes. Marijuana is trafficked and used by all ethnic and socioeconomic groups in Mississippi, often along with or after the use of cocaine and methamphetamine.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 409 deployments completed resulting in 16,763 arrests of violent drug criminals as of February 2004. There have been seven MET deployments in the State of Mississippi since the inception of the program: Jackson (2), Gulfport, Hancock County, Greenville, Hattiesburg, and Grenada.
DEA Regional Enforcement Teams: This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. Nationwide, there have been 22 deployments completed resulting in 608 arrests of drug trafficking criminals as of February 2004. There have been no RET deployments in the State of Mississippi.