There are approximately 3,751,351 people that currently reside in Oklahoma as of 2010. Drug and alcohol abuse in Oklahoma is a growing problem.
Alcohol Abuse in Oklahoma
Out of the 3,751,351 people residing in Oklahoma, 1,725,621 do not consume alcohol and 1,012,865 report that they drink alcohol once a week or less. So, 2,700,973 people in Oklahoma do not drink at a level that would be considered unhealthy or abusive. However, 937,838 people in Oklahoma drink enough alcohol on a regular basis to be considered abusers of alcohol.
Getting yourself or someone you love into an alcohol treatment center is vital to recovering from alcohol abuse. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year with an annual economic cost of 184 billion dollars.
Studies on the effects of alcohol advertising on adults in the state of Oklahoma do not show a strong connection between alcohol advertisements and alcohol consumption. However, studies on the effects of alcohol advertising consistently indicate that children in Oklahoma that are exposed to these types of advertisements are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward drinking alcohol and are more likely to become underage drinkers and communicate the intention to most likely drink as an adult.
Drug Abuse Statistics in Oklahoma
Approximately 352,627 people in Oklahoma abuse some type of illegal drug.
A breakdown of this percentage shows the following:
- 62,768 people abuse alcohol and another drug in Oklahoma
- 56,773 people abuse marijuana in Oklahoma
- 48,310 people are addicted to or abuse Heroin in Oklahoma
- 34,910 people smoke cocaine (crack) in Oklahoma
- 30,679 people use stimulants in Oklahoma
- 14,810 people use or abuse Opiates (not heroin), in Oklahoma
- 14,105 people use cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder, not crack cocaine) in Oklahoma
- 1,411 people in Oklahoma abuse tranquilizers
- 741 people use or abuse PCP in Oklahoma
- 705 people in Oklahoma are addicted to or abusing sedatives
- 388 people use hallucinogens such as lsd or ecstasy in Oklahoma
- 353 people in Oklahoma abuse Inhalants
- 1,763 people use some other type of illegal drug in the state of Oklahoma
With such a large number of people in Oklahoma abusing drugs or alcohol, it is critical to help these individuals get into some type of drug or alcohol treatment program. Addictionca.com provides a wide range of information on all types of drug and alcohol facilities in Oklahoma. If you need further information, you can call and speak to one of our registered drug counselors for assistance in finding a drug and/or alcohol treatment facility. These services are provided free of charge and the call is toll-free.
Each drug rehab in Oklahoma has a different approach to the recovery process. Take note of what is important to you, and make decisions based on your personal needs. Keep in mind that in Oklahoma there are a multitude of treatment options to choose from: outpatient treatment, in patient treatment, support groups, drug rehabilitation, alcohol rehab, drug treatment programs, sober living, halfway houses, long term treatment, short term treatment, counseling, and many more. An individual can become thoroughly confused by asking a half-dozen recovering alcoholics or drug addicts in Oklahoma how they conquered their abuse of alcohol or drugs; the answers vary although each of them are convincing and emotional. They will cite such diverse approaches as hospitalization, diet, exercise, counseling, sauna's, religion, hypnosis, amino acids and self-help groups. When it comes to successful treatment, only one thing is certain: practically any approach will work for some of the people, some of the time. To put it another way, successful drug rehabilitation is like a designer suit- it's got to be tailor-made for each individual. A great deal of variation exists in the degree of dependence among drug users. The teenager who smokes marijuana three times a week is not as dependent as the thirty year old who has smoked marijuana six times a day for 15 years and has already relapsed after being in two drug rehabilitation centers. It's obvious that these individuals need different approaches to treatment. Similarly, among cocaine users are some who use it in binge fashion, one or two days a month, and others who use it several times each day. Again, different treatment approaches are required for each case.
For those who do not have a long history of drug addiction, an outpatient treatment program might be the correct decision. This form of treatment may be a viable solution for those who have a brief drug addiction history. These individuals might only need the guidance and counseling available though this method of treatment. On the other hand, those who have experienced an extended period of drug addiction, choosing the correct drug rehab program typically means that they should enter into an in patient drug rehab program not located in Oklahoma. The structure, 24-hour support and change of enviornment made available through this type of drug rehab recovery program can be highly effective for those recovering from a long term drug addiction problem. Most drug rehab professionals in do not recommend any one "best" treatment approach, recognizing the many variations among drug and alcohol abusers. In general, the levels of treatment range from simple and behavioral to complex and medical. The person dependent upon drugs or alcohol may have used the chosen substance for so long that he or she has literally forgotten how to cope with the daily challenges of life; how to have a meaningful, drug-free lifestyle; or how to solve the social or psychological problems that prompted the substance abuse in the first place. In these instances, a very comprehensive approach must be prescribed if the individual is to expect any degree of successful recovery. Once stability is achieved, the "clean" or sober individual can take several steps to enhance recovery and avoid relapse. Among the general recommendations are belonging to a group as a support system, having a religious involvement, practicing good health habits; including proper diet, sleep, and exercise, as well as goal planning and self enhancement projects.
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Oklahoma State Facts
Oklahoma Population: 3,751,351
Law Enforcement Officers in Oklahoma: 8,401
Oklahoma Prison Population: 29,200
Oklahoma Probation Population: 30,269
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 16
2004 Federal Drug Seizures in Oklahoma
Cocaine: 83.7 kgs.
Heroin: 0.0 kgs.
Methamphetamine: 4.8 kgs.
Marijuana: 433.8 kgs.
Methamphetamine Laboratories: 404 (DEA, state, and local)
Oklahoma Drug Situation: Methamphetamine, which is produced in Mexico and the Southwest United States and locally produced, remains the principal drug of concern in the State of Oklahoma. Cocaine, particularly crack cocaine, is a significant problem in the urban areas of the state. Oklahoma also serves as a transshipment point for drugs being transported to the eastern United States via Interstates 40 and 44 that intersect the state. Interstate 35 also provides a critical north-south transportation avenue for drug traffickers.
Cocaine in Oklahoma: Cocaine continues to be readily available throughout Oklahoma. The cocaine is transported from Texas, and Mexico via commercial airlines and motor vehicles. Mexican polydrug traffickers dealing in marijuana and methamphetamine bring some of the cocaine into the state. Much of the cocaine HCl is converted into crack cocaine for sale at the retail level. Cocaine is distributed primarily by Mexican and African American traffickers. The majority of the cocaine purchased in the Oklahoma City area is transported in by local suppliers who travel to large cities in Texas and return to distribute the product.
Heroin in Oklahoma: Black Tar heroin is available in limited quantities near the metropolitan areas in Oklahoma. It is rare to encounter brown or white heroin, though in a very few instances, “white” heroin from Colombia has been seen. Recently, brown heroin of high potency (66%) was encountered in the Oklahoma City area. Demand for heroin has declined in recent years. The majority of heroin traffickers in Oklahoma receive their heroin from Mexico. Most of the heroin transported into Oklahoma is concealed in hidden compartments in passenger vehicles.
Methamphetamine in Oklahoma: Methamphetamine is the primary drug of choice in Oklahoma. Caucasian males and females are equally the primary users. Most of the methamphetamine in the state is brought in by Hispanic organizations via motor vehicles, commercial airlines, and mail delivery services. An increase in the amount of crystal methamphetamine has been seen over the past year.
Local small “mom and pop” laboratories continue to be a significant problem throughout Oklahoma. Approximately 30% of local laboratories use the Nazi method and produce only ounce quantities or less at a time.
Club Drugs in Oklahoma: The state of Oklahoma is seeing an increase in the abuse of “club drugs,” such as MDMA and GHB. MDMA is found at rave parties in eastern and central Oklahoma. The majority of the MDMA seen in Oklahoma comes from the West Coast, Nevada and Texas. A small number of seizures have involved MDMA originating in Canada.
Marijuana in Oklahoma: Marijuana is readily available in all areas of Oklahoma. Marijuana is the main illegal drug of abuse in the state. Marijuana imported from Mexico is prevalent and is usually imported in combination with other illegal drugs being transported to Oklahoma and other states north and east. The majority of the marijuana is imported from the southwest border via passenger vehicle and occasionally in freight vehicles. Mexican “Sensimilla”, usually found in “pressed/brick” form, is the most common type of marijuana seen in Oklahoma, particularly in urban areas.
Domestically produced marijuana is also available in Oklahoma, though not as readily in recent years. Oklahoma, along with several other southern states has endured severe drought conditions over the past three years. This situation has affected the local production of marijuana.
Other Drugs in Oklahoma: The most popular pharmaceutical substances abused in Oklahoma are Vicodin, Lortab, propoxyphene, alprazolam, hydrocodone, Ultram, diazepam, Hycodan, Demerol, Dilaudid, and Percodan. Much of the diversion is through fraudulent prescriptions, doctor shopping, pharmacy break-ins, and hospital thefts. OxyContin is also increasing as a pharmaceutical drug of abuse in Oklahoma.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 409 deployments completed resulting in 16,763 arrests of violent drug criminals as of February 2004. There have been three MET deployments in the State of Oklahoma since the inception of the program: Duncan, Ardmore, and El Reno.
Other Enforcement Operations in Oklahoma: The number of Operation Pipeline interdictions are increasing within the state of Oklahoma. California and Texas are most often reported as the domestic states of origin. Since the state of Oklahoma is traversed by numerous Interstate Highways, interdictions are common in all areas. Seizures of illicit drugs traveling through Oklahoma en route to their destinations north and east are routine, as well as seizures of large amounts of currency en route south and west.
DEA Regional Enforcement Teams: This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. Nationwide, there have been 22 deployments completed resulting in 608 arrests of drug trafficking criminals as of February 2004. There has been one RET deployment in the State of Oklahoma since the inception of the program, in McAlester.
Oklahoma Drug Courts/Treatment Centers: There are currently Twenty-two drug courts operating in the state of Oklahoma with eleven more in the planning stages.
According to the Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, there were 212 drug and alcohol treatment centers operating in the state of Oklahoma during 2001.
Current Laws Regarding Criminal Sanctions and Precursor Chemicals in Oklahoma: Over the past couple of years the Oklahoma Legislature has passed numerous laws regarding methamphetamine and its precursor chemicals. These include additional penalties for manufacturing methamphetamine in the presence of minors; possessing or distributing methamphetamine in the vicinity of schools, public parks, public pools or on a marked school bus; and for tampering with anhydrous ammonia equipment. Any possession of anhydrous ammonia in unapproved containers is considered prima facie evidence of manufacture. Any possession of three (3) ingredients such as iodine, red phosphorous and ether is considered prima facie evidence of intent to manufacture methamphetamine. The average lab manufacturing sentence in the state is approximately 20 years. House Bill 2316 passed both the Oklahoma House and Senate in May 2002 and went in to effect on July 1, 2002. This new law puts a 24 gram limit on all cold medicines containing pseudoephedrine or ephedrine. The charge carries a five year maximum sentence. If a retailer knowlingly distributes pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, or phenylpropanolamine with the knowledge that it will be used to manufacture methamphetamine, the sentence carries a maximum of ten years incarceration. House Bill 1326, effective July 1, 2003 requires state registration (mirroring Federal Law) for the handling/distribution of products containing Pseudoephedrine at both the wholesale and retail levels.
New Legislation in Oklahoma: House Bill 2176 was presented to the Senate in March 2004 and is expected to be signed into law by Governor Brad Henry within the next few months. This Bill calls for Pseudoephedrine to be included as a Schedule V controlled substance.