There are approximately 6,346,105 people that currently reside in Tennessee as of 2010. Drug and alcohol abuse in Tennessee is a growing problem.
Alcohol Abuse in Tennessee
Out of the 6,346,105 people residing in Tennessee, 2,919,208 do not consume alcohol and 1,713,448 report that they drink alcohol once a week or less. So, 4,569,196 people in Tennessee do not drink at a level that would be considered unhealthy or abusive. However, 1,586,526 people in Tennessee drink enough alcohol on a regular basis to be considered abusers of alcohol.
Getting yourself or someone you love into an alcohol treatment center is vital to recovering from alcohol abuse. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year with an annual economic cost of 184 billion dollars.
Studies on the effects of alcohol advertising on adults in the state of Tennessee do not show a strong connection between alcohol advertisements and alcohol consumption. However, studies on the effects of alcohol advertising consistently indicate that children in Tennessee that are exposed to these types of advertisements are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward drinking alcohol and are more likely to become underage drinkers and communicate the intention to most likely drink as an adult.
Drug Abuse Statistics in Tennessee
Approximately 596,534 people in Tennessee abuse some type of illegal drug.
A breakdown of this percentage shows the following:
- 106,183 people abuse alcohol and another drug in Tennessee
- 96,042 people abuse marijuana in Tennessee
- 81,725 people are addicted to or abuse Heroin in Tennessee
- 59,057 people smoke cocaine (crack) in Tennessee
- 51,898 people use stimulants in Tennessee
- 25,054 people use or abuse Opiates (not heroin), in Tennessee
- 23,861 people use cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder, not crack cocaine) in Tennessee
- 2,386 people in Tennessee abuse tranquilizers
- 1,253 people use or abuse PCP in Tennessee
- 1,193 people in Tennessee are addicted to or abusing sedatives
- 656 people use hallucinogens such as lsd or ecstasy in Tennessee
- 597 people in Tennessee abuse Inhalants
- 2,983 people use some other type of illegal drug in the state of Tennessee
With such a large number of people in Tennessee abusing drugs or alcohol, it is critical to help these individuals get into some type of drug or alcohol treatment program. Addictionca.com provides a wide range of information on all types of drug and alcohol facilities in Tennessee. If you need further information, you can call and speak to one of our registered drug counselors for assistance in finding a drug and/or alcohol treatment facility. These services are provided free of charge and the call is toll-free.
Each drug rehab in Tennessee has a different approach to the recovery process. Take note of what is important to you, and make decisions based on your personal needs. Keep in mind that in Tennessee there are a multitude of treatment options to choose from: outpatient treatment, in patient treatment, support groups, drug rehabilitation, alcohol rehab, drug treatment programs, sober living, halfway houses, long term treatment, short term treatment, counseling, and many more. An individual can become thoroughly confused by asking a half-dozen recovering alcoholics or drug addicts in Tennessee how they conquered their abuse of alcohol or drugs; the answers vary although each of them are convincing and emotional. They will cite such diverse approaches as hospitalization, diet, exercise, counseling, sauna's, religion, hypnosis, amino acids and self-help groups. When it comes to successful treatment, only one thing is certain: practically any approach will work for some of the people, some of the time. To put it another way, successful drug rehabilitation is like a designer suit- it's got to be tailor-made for each individual. A great deal of variation exists in the degree of dependence among drug users. The teenager who smokes marijuana three times a week is not as dependent as the thirty year old who has smoked marijuana six times a day for 15 years and has already relapsed after being in two drug rehabilitation centers. It's obvious that these individuals need different approaches to treatment. Similarly, among cocaine users are some who use it in binge fashion, one or two days a month, and others who use it several times each day. Again, different treatment approaches are required for each case.
For those who do not have a long history of drug addiction, an outpatient treatment program might be the correct decision. This form of treatment may be a viable solution for those who have a brief drug addiction history. These individuals might only need the guidance and counseling available though this method of treatment. On the other hand, those who have experienced an extended period of drug addiction, choosing the correct drug rehab program typically means that they should enter into an in patient drug rehab program not located in Tennessee. The structure, 24-hour support and change of enviornment made available through this type of drug rehab recovery program can be highly effective for those recovering from a long term drug addiction problem. Most drug rehab professionals in do not recommend any one "best" treatment approach, recognizing the many variations among drug and alcohol abusers. In general, the levels of treatment range from simple and behavioral to complex and medical. The person dependent upon drugs or alcohol may have used the chosen substance for so long that he or she has literally forgotten how to cope with the daily challenges of life; how to have a meaningful, drug-free lifestyle; or how to solve the social or psychological problems that prompted the substance abuse in the first place. In these instances, a very comprehensive approach must be prescribed if the individual is to expect any degree of successful recovery. Once stability is achieved, the "clean" or sober individual can take several steps to enhance recovery and avoid relapse. Among the general recommendations are belonging to a group as a support system, having a religious involvement, practicing good health habits; including proper diet, sleep, and exercise, as well as goal planning and self enhancement projects.
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Tennessee State Facts
Tennessee Population: 6,346,105
Law Enforcement Officers in South Dakota: 15,469
Tennessee Prison Population: 38,900
Tennessee Probation Population: 40,889
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 5
2004 Federal Drug Seizures in Tennessee
Cocaine: 571.0 kgs.
Heroin: 64.1 kgs.
Methamphetamine: 70.4 kgs.
Marijuana: 2,034.3 kgs.
Ecstasy: 10,539 tablets
Methamphetamine Laboratories: 889 (DEA, state, and local)
Tennessee Drug Situation: Geographically, Tennessee is unique because it is bordered by eight other states. The interstate and state highway systems crisscross Tennessee's four major cities and traverse each of its borders. These highways carry a very large volume of traffic and are a primary means of moving drugs to and through Tennessee. As a result, the drug situations in the neighboring states have an impact on the drug situation in Tennessee. Tennessee is predominantly a "user" and a transshipment state, and not a major source area for any drug except domestically grown marijuana.
Cocaine in Tennessee: Cocaine is usually transported to Tennessee in multi-kilogram quantities from source cities in the western United States and from Texas, Illinois, Georgia, and California. Hamilton, Davidson, and Shelby counties are considered the distribution hubs for the state. Abusers of cocaine in Tennessee tend to consume the drug in crack form-a change from the preferred cocaine HCl abuse of a few years ago-making crack the current most popular drug of abuse among Tennessee residents. Tennessee has seen a significant increase in the trafficking activities of structured Mexican trafficking organizations. These structured groups respond to command and control elements in Atlanta, Los Angeles, Houston and Mexico.
Heroin in Tennessee: Heroin use in Tennessee is limited to a very small number of long-time users. The heroin trafficking situation has been very stable in the state for the past five years, though an increase in heroin availability was reported in Memphis recently. Also, despite attempts by traffickers from Philadelphia to reestablish a heroin distribution organization in eastern Tennessee, no great change in the demand for the drug is indicated by other factors in Tennessee. The sources of Mexican Black Tar and Southeast Asian heroin in Tennessee are Texas and New York, respectively.
Methamphetamine in Tennessee: The availability and demand for methamphetamine continues to increase throughout Tennessee. Much of the methamphetamine consumed in the state is transported from Mexico and the Southwest Border area. Clandestine methamphetamine labs can be found anywhere in Tennessee and are encountered almost daily by law enforcement. Tennessee accounts for 75 percent of the methamphetamine lab seizures in the Southeast. These facts are a stark contrast to the problem of a few years ago. The labs that are discovered in Tennessee are generally characterized as small and unsophisticated, and it is the product of these labs most often encountered and seized by law enforcement. These clandestine methamphetamine labs pose a significant threat because lab operators are frequently armed and are substantially involved in the drug's distribution. Southeast Tennessee has seen a significant increase in the activities of structured Mexican methamphetamine trafficking groups. These groups control much of the methamphetamine distribution in the Chattanooga area. Command and control for these Mexican organizations are frequently found in the Dalton, Ga. area. In addition, there is anticipation of an increase in methamphetamine use in Tennessee as the drug gains popularity over crack cocaine use.
Club Drugs in Tennessee: Tennessee has a growing “Club Drugs’ problem, with MDMA (ecstasy), LSD and GHB being the most common drugs of abuse. Rave Clubs, where these drugs are frequently sold, have been identified in the cities of Nashville and Knoxville.
Marijuana in Tennessee: Marijuana abuse and trafficking is a serious problem throughout the state and especially in rural areas. Tennessee is a major supplier of domestically grown marijuana. In fact, according to the Appalachia HIDTA Threat Assessment, Tennessee, along with West Virginia and Kentucky, produce the majority of the United States' supply of domestic marijuana. Prosecution of marijuana growers in the state has been extremely difficult due to an intelligence gap and because many of the domestic marijuana sites detected are so small that even if the owner/grower were identified, the U.S. Attorney would be reluctant to prosecute. There have also been seizures of Mexican marijuana in the state. Marijuana is favored over other drugs of abuse by some in certain areas of Tennessee.
Other Drugs in Tennessee: Distribution of Ecstasy (MDMA) and LSD, especially in and around the college campuses in Nashville and other areas, has been on the rise. These Club Drugs are abused primarily at "Rave" parties and are transported into the area from New York, Georgia, and Florida. Diverted pharmaceuticals also pose a problem in Tennessee. A special ARCOS report recently, which was prepared for the Tennessee Medical Board, showed that consumption of the following drugs was significantly above average in Tennessee: hydromorphone, hydrocodone, meperidine, and amphetamine. Dilaudid and morphine are also mentioned as heavily abused drugs in Tennessee.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 409 deployments completed resulting in 16,763 arrests of violent drug criminals as of February 2004. There have been two MET deployments in the State of Tennessee since the inception of the program: Chattanooga and Clarksville.
DEA Regional Enforcement Teams: This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. Nationwide, there have been 22 deployments completed resulting in 608 arrests of drug trafficking criminals as of February 2004. There have been no RET deployments in the State of Tennessee.