There are approximately 6,392,017 people that currently reside in Arizona as of 2010. Drug and alcohol abuse in Arizona is a growing problem.
Alcohol Abuse in Arizona
Out of the 6,392,017 people residing in Arizona, 2,940,328 do not consume alcohol and 1,725,845 report that they drink alcohol once a week or less. So, 4,602,252 people in Arizona do not drink at a level that would be considered unhealthy or abusive. However, 1,598,004 people in Arizona drink enough alcohol on a regular basis to be considered abusers of alcohol.
Getting yourself or someone you love into an alcohol treatment center is vital to recovering from alcohol abuse. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year with an annual economic cost of 184 billion dollars.
Studies on the effects of alcohol advertising on adults in the state of Arizona do not show a strong connection between alcohol advertisements and alcohol consumption. However, studies on the effects of alcohol advertising consistently indicate that children in Arizona that are exposed to these types of advertisements are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward drinking alcohol and are more likely to become underage drinkers and communicate the intention to most likely drink as an adult.
Drug Abuse Statistics in Arizona
Approximately 600,850 people in Arizona abuse some type of illegal drug.
A breakdown of this percentage shows the following:
- 106,951 people abuse alcohol and another drug in Arizona
- 96,737 people abuse marijuana in Arizona
- 82,316 people are addicted to or abuse Heroin in Arizona
- 59,484 people smoke cocaine (crack) in Arizona
- 52,274 people use stimulants in Arizona
- 25,236 people use or abuse Opiates (not heroin), in Arizona
- 24,034 people use cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder, not crack cocaine) in Arizona
- 2,403 people in Arizona abuse tranquilizers
- 1,262 people use or abuse PCP in Arizona
- 1,202 people in Arizona are addicted to or abusing sedatives
- 661 people use hallucinogens such as lsd or ecstasy in Arizona
- 601 people in Arizona abuse Inhalants
- 3,004 people use some other type of illegal drug in the state of Arizona
With such a large number of people in Arizona abusing drugs or alcohol, it is critical to help these individuals get into some type of drug or alcohol treatment program. Addictionca.com provides a wide range of information on all types of drug and alcohol facilities in Arizona. If you need further information, you can call and speak to one of our registered drug counselors for assistance in finding a drug and/or alcohol treatment facility. These services are provided free of charge and the call is toll-free.
Each drug rehab in Arizona has a different approach to the recovery process. Take note of what is important to you, and make decisions based on your personal needs. Keep in mind that in Arizona there are a multitude of treatment options to choose from: outpatient treatment, in patient treatment, support groups, drug rehabilitation, alcohol rehab, drug treatment programs, sober living, halfway houses, long term treatment, short term treatment, counseling, and many more. An individual can become thoroughly confused by asking a half-dozen recovering alcoholics or drug addicts in Arizona how they conquered their abuse of alcohol or drugs; the answers vary although each of them are convincing and emotional. They will cite such diverse approaches as hospitalization, diet, exercise, counseling, sauna's, religion, hypnosis, amino acids and self-help groups. When it comes to successful treatment, only one thing is certain: practically any approach will work for some of the people, some of the time. To put it another way, successful drug rehabilitation is like a designer suit- it's got to be tailor-made for each individual. A great deal of variation exists in the degree of dependence among drug users. The teenager who smokes marijuana three times a week is not as dependent as the thirty year old who has smoked marijuana six times a day for 15 years and has already relapsed after being in two drug rehabilitation centers. It's obvious that these individuals need different approaches to treatment. Similarly, among cocaine users are some who use it in binge fashion, one or two days a month, and others who use it several times each day. Again, different treatment approaches are required for each case.
For those who do not have a long history of drug addiction, an outpatient treatment program might be the correct decision. This form of treatment may be a viable solution for those who have a brief drug addiction history. These individuals might only need the guidance and counseling available though this method of treatment. On the other hand, those who have experienced an extended period of drug addiction, choosing the correct drug rehab program typically means that they should enter into an in patient drug rehab program not located in Arizona. The structure, 24-hour support and change of enviornment made available through this type of drug rehab recovery program can be highly effective for those recovering from a long term drug addiction problem. Most drug rehab professionals in do not recommend any one "best" treatment approach, recognizing the many variations among drug and alcohol abusers. In general, the levels of treatment range from simple and behavioral to complex and medical. The person dependent upon drugs or alcohol may have used the chosen substance for so long that he or she has literally forgotten how to cope with the daily challenges of life; how to have a meaningful, drug-free lifestyle; or how to solve the social or psychological problems that prompted the substance abuse in the first place. In these instances, a very comprehensive approach must be prescribed if the individual is to expect any degree of successful recovery. Once stability is achieved, the "clean" or sober individual can take several steps to enhance recovery and avoid relapse. Among the general recommendations are belonging to a group as a support system, having a religious involvement, practicing good health habits; including proper diet, sleep, and exercise, as well as goal planning and self enhancement projects.
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Arizona State Facts
Arizona Population: 6,392,017
Law Enforcement Officers in Arizona: 15,445
Arizona Prison Population: 41,900
Arizona Probation Population: 66,217
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 13
2004 Federal Drug Seizures
Cocaine: 3,577.8 kgs.
Heroin: 88.9 kgs.
Methamphetamine: 523.1 kgs.
Marijuana: 312,663.5 kgs.
Ecstasy: 882 tablets
Methamphetamine Laboratories: 59 (DEA, state, and local)
Arizona Drug Situation: Arizona is located directly north of the Mexican State of Sonora, a major drug trafficking stronghold. Along the 350 miles of border are three principal ports of entry (Nogales, Douglas, and San Luis) and three secondary ports of entry (Lukeville, Sasabe, and Naco). Most of the border area consists of inhospitable desert and steep mountain ranges, which are sparsely populated and not frequently patrolled by Arizona law enforcement. This area becomes ideal for drug smuggling which makes Arizona function primarily as a drug importation and transshipment state. Drug smuggling and transportation in Arizona are dominated by major Mexican trafficking organizations. These groups are poly-drug organizations smuggling cocaine, marijuana, methamphetamine, heroin and precursor chemicals in and through Arizona.
Cocaine in Arizona: Intelligence information provided by Arizona law enforcement officers as well as confidential sources indicate that the accessibility and availability of both powder and crack cocaine remained stable in the metropolitan areas of Phoenix and Tucson throughout 2003. The nickname “DUB” has been used recently in the Phoenix area when referring to crack cocaine. The Northern Arizona communities as well as the Sierra Vista area experienced a decline in the presence of cocaine during 2003. Cocaine entering Arizona from Mexico is transshipped to areas throughout the United States with the most common destinations being New York, New Jersey, Missouri, North Carolina, Kansas, and Illinois. Pipeline stops in these states indicate the cocaine is usually picked up in either Tucson or Phoenix and driven to the final destination. Markings seen on the packaging of kilogram cocaine seizures during 2003 include: the word “wimmore”; the letters “A”, “B”, and “XX” with circles around them; the letter “T”; a face with the name “TUTILA”, the marks “////”; and an imprint of a lion.
Heroin in Arizona: Mexican black tar heroin along with brown powder heroin continue to be smuggled into Arizona both through and between the Ports of Entry. A National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) study conducted in Phoenix during 2003 revealed that black tar heroin is the most common form of heroin abused in metropolitan area's of Arizona and users are primarily Caucasian and Hispanic. The prescription drug Clonazepam (Klonopin), which is commonly used for panic disorders and seizures, is being abused by heroin addicts receiving Methadone treatment. When Methadone and Clonazepam are consumed together, it simulates the high usually achieved from heroin.
Methamphetamine in Arizona: Since the beginning of 2003, crystal methamphetamine, also known as “ICE” has dominated street level sales throughout Arizona. The demand and availability of “ICE” has continued to increase in Arizona with no indication of leveling off. Seizures of methamphetamine along the Arizona/Mexico border have tripled over the past year; however, this increase hasn’t affected the price of methamphetamine which remain stable. Clandestine methamphetamine laboratories in Mexico manufacture crystal methamphetamine in pound quantities where it is frequently smuggled across the border into Arizona using a wide range of concealment methods. Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) has replaced caffeine and niacinamide as the preferred cutting agent used in the manufacturing of methamphetamine because the precursors psuedoephedrine, ephedrine and other necessary chemicals are strictly regulated in Arizona. MSM is not regulated and can be purchased at feed and tack stores, pet food chains, nutrition centers, etc. MSM also adds bulk to finished methamphetamine, thereby increasing traffickers’ profits and stretching the supply. Intelligence indicates “superlabs” in Mexico are now supplying a majority of the high purity methamphetamine throughout Arizona.
Club Drugs and Hallucinogens in Arizona: The Phoenix Division participated in an investigation named “Operation X-Out” which focused on identifying and dismantling organizations that were producing and distributing club and predatory drugs throughout metropolitan Arizona. Intelligence gathered throughout this investigation found people dealing ecstasy, cocaine, marijuana, crack cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin and prescription drugs out of numerous Arizona bars and clubs. Ecstasy tablets, bearing the logos of Yellow Star, Green Spade, Blue Rabbits, and Blue Squirrels have been encountered. While LSD remains available throughout most of Arizona, law enforcement agencies report they rarely encounter mushrooms on the street.
Marijuana in Arizona: Marijuana is widely distributed in multi-hundred pound quantities into and throughout the state of Arizona. The Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement routinely seize hundred pound quantities of marijuana at the Ports of Entry of Arizona as well as from remote sites along the border where the marijuana is abandoned to be picked up by Arizona drug trafficking organizations. The use of passenger vehicles to smuggle marijuana across the border is sometimes linked to corrupt U. S. and Mexican officials working as inspectors at the Ports. A large portion of marijuana smuggled into the United States is delivered by individuals known as “mules” who are paid to carry loads on their backs through remote and often rugged wilderness areas. Makeshift backpacks are designed and constructed from burlap bags used to carry potatoes and sugar, with ropes attached so the bags can be carried over the shoulders. Horses are also used to carry hundred pound loads of marijuana. Large scale marijuana traffickers utilize tractor-trailers as well as refrigerated utility trailers to transport loads through the Ports. Tucson and Phoenix are commonly used as stash locations until the loads are ready to be sent to their final destination.
Prescription Drugs in Arizona: Arizona Methadone clinics estimate that approximately 15 percent of the drug addiction treatment in the Phoenix metropolitan area is attributed to pharmaceutical controlled substances. The Phoenix Division reports that that Vicodin, Lortab and other hydrocodone products; Percocet; OxyContin and other oxycodone products; benzodiazepines; and codeine products are the most abused pharmaceutical controlled substances in Arizona. These analgesic pharmaceuticals are often in combination with Soma to increase effects. Ultram (tramadol) and Nubain are also highly abused prescription-only substances in Arizona. The primary methods of pharmaceutical diversion in Arizona are prescription fraud through forgeries, bogus call-ins, and doctor-shoppers. The Phoenix Division continues to investigate thefts in-transit to pharmacies and distributors, as well as reports of thefts by employees and robberies of pharmacies. Prescription controlled drugs from Mexico are frequently smuggled into Arizona, and internet shipments of controlled substances from foreign source websites is on-going. Internet websites with prescriptions shipped from U.S. pharmacies are also being investigated by the Phoenix DO Diversion Group in conjunction with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Arizona and Idaho Medical Boards; and the Arizona Pharmacy Board.
Arizona Drug Proceeds: During 2003, drug proceeds were seized throughout Arizona and numerous cash seizures made in other areas of the United States were linked to Arizona. The use of motor vehicles remains the most common method of transporting currency in Arizona, and concealment techniques included: backpacks, purses, socks, pants, wooden boxes, automobile engines, and aftermarket compartments in automobiles. Air travel and commercial packaging services such as Federal Express are also utilized in Arizona to move drug trafficking funds.
Other Drugs in Arizona: Controlled prescription drugs continue to be smuggled from Mexico into Arizona on a regular basis. Hydrocodone, oxycodone, and benzodiazepine products continue to comprise the majority of controlled prescription drugs abused in Arizona. Additionally, Arizona has begun to see organized groups utilizing computer-generated prescriptions to obtain OxyContin for both personal abuse and distribution for profit.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 409 deployments completed resulting in 16,763 arrests of violent drug criminals as of February 2004. There have been 17 Mobile Enforcement Team deployments in the State of Arizona since the inception of the program: Eloy/Pinal, Bullhead City, Prescott, Lake Havasu City, Sierra Vista, Apache County, Coconino County, Navajo County, Payson, Show Low, Glendale, Tombstone, Cottonwood, Avondale, Maryvale, Scottsdale, and Cochise County.
DEA Regional Enforcement Teams: This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. Nationwide, there have been 22 Regional Enforcement Team deployments completed, resulting in 608 arrests of drug trafficking criminals as of February 2004. There have been no Regional Enforcement Team deployments in the State of Arizona.
Special Topics: Law enforcement agencies in the Nogales, Arizona area continue to receive information regarding the use of subterranean tunnels to transfer both narcotics and undocumented migrants from Nogales, Sonora, Mexico into the United States. The tunnels usually tie into the drainage system and at least 8 tunnels were discovered during 2003. Gaps in the border fences and open areas with no barriers at all are also used by drug traffickers and others who wish to enter the United States illegally. There is also widespread use of unguarded crossing points between Sierra Vista and Nogales. The Tohono O’odham Indian Reservation stretches 90 miles across southern Arizona along the Mexican border, encompassing 2,773,357 acres. The proximity to the border and the limited law enforcement personnel working on the reservation, make this area a primary transit point for narcotics being smuggled from Mexico into the United States.