There are approximately 2,915,918 people that currently reside in Arkansas as of 2010. Drug and alcohol abuse in Arkansas is a growing problem.
Alcohol Abuse in Arkansas
Out of the 2,915,918 people residing in Arkansas, 1,341,322 do not consume alcohol and 787,298 report that they drink alcohol once a week or less. So, 2,099,461 people in Arkansas do not drink at a level that would be considered unhealthy or abusive. However, 728,980 people in Arkansas drink enough alcohol on a regular basis to be considered abusers of alcohol.
Getting yourself or someone you love into an alcohol treatment center is vital to recovering from alcohol abuse. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year with an annual economic cost of 184 billion dollars.
Studies on the effects of alcohol advertising on adults in the state of Arkansas do not show a strong connection between alcohol advertisements and alcohol consumption. However, studies on the effects of alcohol advertising consistently indicate that children in Arkansas that are exposed to these types of advertisements are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward drinking alcohol and are more likely to become underage drinkers and communicate the intention to most likely drink as an adult.
Drug Abuse Statistics in Arkansas
Approximately 274,096 people in Arkansas abuse some type of illegal drug.
A breakdown of this percentage shows the following:
- 48,789 people abuse alcohol and another drug in Arkansas
- 44,130 people abuse marijuana in Arkansas
- 37,551 people are addicted to or abuse Heroin in Arkansas
- 27,136 people smoke cocaine (crack) in Arkansas
- 23,846 people use stimulants in Arkansas
- 11,512 people use or abuse Opiates (not heroin), in Arkansas
- 10,964 people use cocaine (e.g., cocaine powder, not crack cocaine) in Arkansas
- 1,096 people in Arkansas abuse tranquilizers
- 576 people use or abuse PCP in Arkansas
- 548 people in Arkansas are addicted to or abusing sedatives
- 302 people use hallucinogens such as lsd or ecstasy in Arkansas
- 274 people in Arkansas abuse Inhalants
- 1,370 people use some other type of illegal drug in the state of Arkansas
With such a large number of people in Arkansas abusing drugs or alcohol, it is critical to help these individuals get into some type of drug or alcohol treatment program. Addictionca.com provides a wide range of information on all types of drug and alcohol facilities in Arkansas. If you need further information, you can call and speak to one of our registered drug counselors for assistance in finding a drug and/or alcohol treatment facility. These services are provided free of charge and the call is toll-free.
Each drug rehab in Arkansas has a different approach to the recovery process. Take note of what is important to you, and make decisions based on your personal needs. Keep in mind that in Arkansas there are a multitude of treatment options to choose from: outpatient treatment, in patient treatment, support groups, drug rehabilitation, alcohol rehab, drug treatment programs, sober living, halfway houses, long term treatment, short term treatment, counseling, and many more. An individual can become thoroughly confused by asking a half-dozen recovering alcoholics or drug addicts in Arkansas how they conquered their abuse of alcohol or drugs; the answers vary although each of them are convincing and emotional. They will cite such diverse approaches as hospitalization, diet, exercise, counseling, sauna's, religion, hypnosis, amino acids and self-help groups. When it comes to successful treatment, only one thing is certain: practically any approach will work for some of the people, some of the time. To put it another way, successful drug rehabilitation is like a designer suit- it's got to be tailor-made for each individual. A great deal of variation exists in the degree of dependence among drug users. The teenager who smokes marijuana three times a week is not as dependent as the thirty year old who has smoked marijuana six times a day for 15 years and has already relapsed after being in two drug rehabilitation centers. It's obvious that these individuals need different approaches to treatment. Similarly, among cocaine users are some who use it in binge fashion, one or two days a month, and others who use it several times each day. Again, different treatment approaches are required for each case.
For those who do not have a long history of drug addiction, an outpatient treatment program might be the correct decision. This form of treatment may be a viable solution for those who have a brief drug addiction history. These individuals might only need the guidance and counseling available though this method of treatment. On the other hand, those who have experienced an extended period of drug addiction, choosing the correct drug rehab program typically means that they should enter into an in patient drug rehab program not located in Arkansas. The structure, 24-hour support and change of enviornment made available through this type of drug rehab recovery program can be highly effective for those recovering from a long term drug addiction problem. Most drug rehab professionals in do not recommend any one "best" treatment approach, recognizing the many variations among drug and alcohol abusers. In general, the levels of treatment range from simple and behavioral to complex and medical. The person dependent upon drugs or alcohol may have used the chosen substance for so long that he or she has literally forgotten how to cope with the daily challenges of life; how to have a meaningful, drug-free lifestyle; or how to solve the social or psychological problems that prompted the substance abuse in the first place. In these instances, a very comprehensive approach must be prescribed if the individual is to expect any degree of successful recovery. Once stability is achieved, the "clean" or sober individual can take several steps to enhance recovery and avoid relapse. Among the general recommendations are belonging to a group as a support system, having a religious involvement, practicing good health habits; including proper diet, sleep, and exercise, as well as goal planning and self enhancement projects.
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Arkansas State Facts
Arkansas Population: 2,915,918
Law Enforcement Officers in Arkansas: 6,596
Arkansas Prison Population: 16,600
Arkansas Probation Population: 28,119
Violent Crime Rate National Ranking: 22
2004 Federal Drug Seizures in Arkansas
Cocaine: 714.8 kgs.
Heroin: 0.2 kgs.
Methamphetamine: 12.9 kgs.
Marijuana: 6,304.2 kgs.
Ecstasy: 271 tablets
Methamphetamine Laboratories: 564 (DEA, state, and local)
Arkansas Drug Situation: The availability and rate of drug abuse in Arkansas remain high. Methamphetamine, cocaine, and marijuana, are the most common abused and distributed drugs in Arkansas. Though smuggling methods involve all forms of transportation, the largest quantities of drugs in Arkansas are seized on the highways via interdiction programs. Each year, tens of thousands of pounds of marijuana and hundreds of kilograms of cocaine are seized on Arkansas’ interstates, particularly Interstate 40. Most of the large drug seizures in Arkansas involve tractor-trailers, although private vehicles account for a significant percentage of total seizures, particularly methamphetamine seizures. Significant quantities of drugs are also seized from other forms of transportation including commercial air and bus service.
Cocaine in Arkansas: Crack cocaine, as well as powder cocaine, has continued to be a significant and long-term problem in Arkansas, especially in the inner cities. Even though methamphetamine use has surpassed Cocaine use in Arkansas, cocaine use and distribution has continued to be the foremost concern for Arkansas law enforcement authorities because of it's staggering impact on Arkansas communities in terms of violent crime, including homicides, principally by street gangs. The increased availability of cocaine and the expansion of street gang activity beyond traditional areas of operation have led to the spread of crack to many suburban and rural areas of Arkansas. Crack’s explosive growth and dominance can be attributed to the drug’s wide availability, inexpensive price, simplicity of conversion from powdered cocaine hydrochloride, and its addictive properties. Rates of crack cocaine abuse are significantly high in Arkansas and concentrated in the black communities. Significant distribution points in Arkansas for for crack cocaine include Little Rock, Texarkana, El Dorado, Hot Springs and Dumas. Cocaine is transported into Arkansas in both powder and crack form. Powder cocaine usually arrives in multi-kilogram quantities, while crack arrives in multi-ounce or kilogram quantities.
Heroin in Arkansas: Heroin use and distribution in Arkansas is not identified by local law enforcement agencies as a significant problem. Heroin trafficking patterns in central Arkansas are difficult to discern, as there have been so few investigations of this type. The small amount of black tar heroin that is encountered in central Arkansas appears to be imported into the state by the Mexican trafficking organizations already in existence. Recently, a small amount (one-gram) of tar heroin originating in the Los Angeles area was seized by the DEA Little Rock District Office. This heroin had been shipped to Little Rock through a parcel service. The city of Baltimore, Maryland has been identified as a source city of gram quantities of Colombian heroin encountered in Little Rock. The heroin in this instance was also shipped to the recipient through the mail.
Methamphetamine in Arkansas: Once limited to a problem only in Southwest and Pacific regions of the United States, methamphetamine use and distribution has now become the primary concern in Arkansas and surrounding areas. Arkansas is encountering locally produced methamphetamine as well as the importation of methamphetamine produced in Mexico. Not only does the rural landscape of Arkansas provide an ideal setting for illicit manufacturing of methamphetamine, but the wide availability of precursor chemicals also contributes to the ease of manufacturing methamphetamine within the state. Criminal groups are acquiring thousands of cases of pseudoephedrine via wholesalers and use sophisticated schemes to illegally ship, at a considerable profit, pseudoephedrine to methamphetamine producers within Arkansas.
Club Drugs in Arkansas: MDMA, otherwise known as Ecstasy, is the most prevalent and popular club drug in Arkansas. Other dangerous drugs increasing in popularity and demand throughout Arkansas include LSD, OxyContin and GHB. These dangerous drugs are commonly found and continue to be the drugs of choice at “rave” functions and college hangouts throughout the state, especially in the metropolitan areas of Arkansas.
Drug trafficking sources in California transport LSD to the Little Rock and Fayetteville areas of Arkansas for redistribution. LSD is sold in different forms including blotter paper and small vials of liquid. LSD shipments are also mailed through the U.S. Postal Service and commercial shipping companies.
Marijuana in Arkansas: Marijuana is readily available and in high demand throughout Arkansas. Domestically produced marijuana and marijuana grown in Mexico are both popular in Arkansas. The rural nature of the land, the warm climate, and long growing season in Arkansas benefit cultivators to produce domestic marijuana. Common growing areas for domestically produced marijuana are in the eastern and northwestern regions of Arkansas. Domestically produced marijuana in Arkansas is grown indoors as well as outdoors. Indoor cultivation is primarily found in cities and occasionally in rural areas, comprised of fifty to two hundred plants per site. The outdoor growing sites more commonly range from small patches of twenty to several hundred plants scattered throughout an area located near a water source. Plots are usually within a mile or two radius of each other. As air surveillance by Arkansas law enforcement personnel has intensified, the outdoor sites have become smaller and more scattered. Asset forfeiture laws have prompted cultivators to utilize leased hunting land, timberland, or national forest land as grow sites. The DEA Fayetteville Resident Office maintains a close working relationship with the U.S. Forestry Service in view of the unique marijuana situation in northwest Arkansas.
DEA Mobile Enforcement Teams: This cooperative program with state and local law enforcement counterparts was conceived in 1995 in response to the overwhelming problem of drug-related violent crime in towns and cities across the nation. There have been 409 deployments completed resulting in 16,763 arrests of violent drug criminals as of February 2004. There have been two (2) Mobile Enforcement Team deployments in the State of Arkansas since the inception of the program, both in Pine Bluff.
DEA Regional Enforcement Teams: This program was designed to augment existing DEA division resources by targeting drug organizations operating in the United States where there is a lack of sufficient local drug law enforcement. This Program was conceived in 1999 in response to the threat posed by drug trafficking organizations that have established networks of cells to conduct drug trafficking operations in smaller, non-traditional trafficking locations in the United States. Nationwide, there have been 22 deployments completed resulting in 608 arrests of drug trafficking criminals as of February 2004. There have been no Regional Enforcement Team deployments in the State of Arkansas.
Special Topics HIDTA: The Little Rock District Office is in the process of organizing two HIDTA initiatives in an effort to join the Gulf Coast HIDTA. The two initiatives will each consist of two task force groups, one Major Investigations Team and one Highway Interdiction Team. One initiative will be located in Little Rock, AR and the other will be located in Fort Smith, AR.